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About the Breed

corgi puppies for sale

Pembroke Welsh Corgi

 

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is among the smallest of herding dogs. They are an Intelligent, athletic, affectionate, and lively breed. One of the most agreeable of small household dogs, the corgi is also known to be quite stubborn. They require training and daily exercise. As a herding breed they are excellent at barn hunt, scent work, agility, and have been known to be great at trick dogging as well. The Corgis' short legs, large ears, and generally happy disposition have made them one of the most popular breeds of the AKC for decades. 

 

corgi facts

 

A few things to know about Pembroke Welsh Corgis

  • They are very vocal. They bark, they sing, they howl, they whine, they growl. They are not exactly known for being quiet.

  • Corgis shed, and they shed a lot! Corgis have a thick, weatherproof double coat. While this is great for all types of weather it also means they shed quite a bit. Fluffy corgis are known to shed slightly less however their luxurious coats do mean that they need to be groomed more often.

  • Corgis are NOT hypoallergenic.

  • Corgis are great with other pets! It seems like most of our corgis personally love cats as well as each other. All dogs are different but generally speaking corgis get along with other animals. 

  • Corgis need a lot of stimulation. Mentally and Physically. We always recommend taking your dog to obedience classes as it is helpful to you and your pet. Corgis are natural herders and therefore they need regular exercise or they can be prone to becoming overweight.

 

As a breeder we want to encourage you to do your own research as well as ask us questions about the breed as we want to be sure the puppy you take home is a perfect fit for you and your family!

Corgi Genetics

 

Genetics are very important to us! We do full genetic panels on all our dogs before breeding to ensure the healthiest possible puppy for you. Corgis are predisposed to three main genetic conditions. Please understand this information is only intended to educate and to support ethical breeding. So don’t worry we have already done the work for you and puppies bred from our dogs will not be bred to be affected by these. 

 

Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)

Degenerative myelopathy is a chronic, progressive, and ultimately fatal disease, where nerves within the spinal cord gradually lose their ability to transmit impulses, resulting in hind limb weakness and paralysis. Ultimately it is a fatal disease with devastating consequences for the dogs and can be distressing for owners caring for them. Typically beginning signs of DM will begin when a dog is 5 years of age.

 

Von Willebrand Disease 1 (VWD1)

Von Willebrand Disease 1 is a hereditary blood clotting disease. Dogs with this disease cannot clot blood normally, which results in bleeding, especially after surgery or trauma.

 

Exercise Induced Collapse (EIC)

Exercise-induced collapse is a genetic neuromuscular disorder. It presents as muscle weakness, lack of coordination, and life-threatening collapse after intense exercise. This usually occurs after 2 years of age.

Colors of a Pembroke Welsh Corgi

There are 4 colors of Pembroke Welsh Corgis recognized by the AKC: Red, Black and Tan, Sable, and Fawn. There are other naturally occurring colors, but these are considered serious faults by AKC standards. 

 

  • Red – Red and white fur with no obvious black hairs. Red is typically the dominate gene in Corgis, so this is the most recognized color pattern for Pembroke Welsh Corgis. 

 

  • Black and Tan- Often refered to as Black head or Red Head Tri colo -Lots of black, blending gradually into the red parts of the dog. Dogs with this coloring may or may not have white markings. 

 

  • Sable - There are different types of sable coats. They will be red with dark hair showing on withers, sometimes black “skullcap” on head, base of tail, along shoulder blade lines. 

 

  • Fawn – Very light red fur. This coloring looks to be almost blonde in a lot of dogs.

 

  • Bluies- Bluies are a natural occurring color in Pembroke Welsh Corgis. It is however considered a serious fault in confirmation. The dilute gene is a recessive gene but any of these 4 standard colors can be affected by the dilute gene creating a “bluie”. They are distinguished by the blue or smoky cast present in the fur and grey pigmented noses.

 

  • Mismark – Any Pembroke Welsh Corgi with any area of white on the back between the withers and the tail, sides between elbows and hindquarters, or on the ears is considered a mismark. Also if they are black with white marking and no tan color present. Mismarks are a naturally occurring color but are a serious fault in confirmation.

 

  • Whitelies- If a Pembroke Welsh Corgi has a white body with or withour red or dark markings they are considered a whitelie. This is a naturally occurring color but is a serious fault in confirmation. 

 

The Dilute gene in Pembroke Welsh Corgis 

“Very Serious Faults - Whitelies - Body color white, with red or dark markings. Bluies - Colored portions of the coat have a distinct bluish or smoky cast. This coloring is associated with extremely light or blue eyes, liver or gray eye rims, nose and lip pigment. Mismarks - Self colors with any area of white on the back between withers and tail, on sides between elbows and back of hindquarters, or on ears. Black with white markings and no tan present.”

AKC Official Standard of Pembroke Welsh Corgi. (Jan 28,1993) http://images.akc.org/pdf/breeds/standards/PembrokeWelshCorgi.pdf

The dilute gene is a recessive gene and a dog must have 2 copies of this gene in order to present as “bluie”. These dogs are considered affected by the dilute gene. If a dog has only one copy of the gene it will have a natural color coat and will be considered a carrier of the dilute gene. If a dog does not have any copies of this gene it is clear for the dilute gene. 

The first genetic sequence of a dog genome wasn’t completed until 2003. While Gensol was on the front line of dog DNA tests in 2008 it wasn’t until companies like Embark came along to make DNA testing popular in 2015. We can now test and predict what traits a litter will have based on the parents genetics.

 

Dilution and Health

There is no research to say that breeding a Pembroke Welsh Corgi with a dilute gene has any adverse effects. Most breeds of dog carry the dilute gene. It's often claimed that dilute dogs are less healthy than those with normal pigment. This misconception has most likely come from the prevalence in some breeds of a condition known as Color Dilution Alopecia (CDA). Not all breeds of dogs are known to develop CDA. 

 

“Color dilution alopecia (CDA) is a genetic recessive inherited condition that causes patches of hair thinning or loss, and may also include flaky and/or itchy skin. The condition is associated with individuals who have what is called “dilute” color, and is most commonly seen in dogs with a blue or fawn coat. These puppies are born with a normal looking hair coat, and the symptoms of CDA may begin to manifest at 6 months of age or older. While the disorder has been commonly described in blue Dobermans, it has been recognized in other breeds as well, including: Chow chows, Dachshunds, Great Danes, Irish setters, Italian greyhounds, Standard poodles, Salukis, Whippets, Yorkshire terriers, Bernese mountain dogs, Chihuahuas, Shetland sheep dogs, Boston terrier, Newfoundlands, and Schipperkes.

-Robin Downing, DVM, DAAPM, DACVSMR, CVPP, CRPP, (n.d.) Color Dilution Alopecia in Dogs. https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-pet/color-dilution-alopecia-in-dogs

Pembroke Welsh Corgis are NOT a breed in which CDA is prevalent. There are no other health concerns associated with a dilute gene. It is likely the reason bluie corgis were not originally accepted as a color for standard PWC is because of the lack of research on CDA at the time. 

Corgi Coats

“Medium length; short, thick, weather- resistant undercoat with a coarser, longer outer coat. Over-all length varies, with slightly thicker and longer ruff around the neck, chest and on the shoulders. The body coat lies flat. Hair is slightly longer on back of forelegs and underparts and somewhat fuller and longer on rear of hindquarters. The coat is preferably straight, but some waviness is permitted. This breed has a shedding coat, and seasonal lack of undercoat should not be too severely penalized, providing the hair is glossy, healthy and well groomed. A wiry, tightly marcelled coat is very faulty, as is an overly short, smooth and thin coat. Very Serious Fault - Fluffies - a coat of extreme length with exaggerated feathering on ears, chest, legs and feet, underparts and hindquarters. Trimming such a coat does not make it any more acceptable. The Corgi should be shown in its natural condition, with no trimming permitted except to tidy the feet, and, if desired, remove the whiskers.”

AKC Official Standard of Pembroke Welsh Corgi. (Jan 28,1993) http://images.akc.org/pdf/breeds/standards/PembrokeWelshCorgi.pdf

As you can see from the AKC description, Corgis do come in two flavors, standard coat and fluffy coat. Although the fluffy coat is not accepted in show it is a naturally occurring coat in Pembroke Welsh Corgis. There are no health concerns associated specifically with a fluffy coat. It is simply a recessive gene in corgis that thanks home genetic testing is now something we can choose to or not to breed for. As a herding dog it has been decided that the traditional flat coat is preferred. 

Don't just take my word for it. As always I encourage you to do your own research!

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